关于通讯录

it2022-05-06  7

iOS9 以下时:

一:选择一个联系人的电话号码

这里不需要先获取所有的联系人自己做联系人列表,直接使用系统自带的AddressBookUI/ABPeoplePickerNavigationController.h就好。

首先需要引入如下三个文件

#import <AddressBookUI/ABPeoplePickerNavigationController.h>

#import <AddressBook/ABPerson.h>

#import <AddressBookUI/ABPersonViewController.h>

 

然后初始化ABPeoplePickerNavigationController。

ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *nav = [[ABPeoplePickerNavigationController alloc] init]; nav.peoplePickerDelegate = self; if(IOS8_OR_LATER){ nav.predicateForSelectionOfPerson = [NSPredicate predicateWithValue:false]; } [self presentViewController:nav animated:YES completion:nil];

在iOS8之后,需要添加nav.predicateForSelectionOfPerson = [NSPredicate predicateWithValue:false];这一段代码,否则选择联系人之后会直接dismiss,不能进入详情选择电话。

最后设置代理

//取消选择 - (void)peoplePickerNavigationControllerDidCancel:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker { [peoplePicker dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil]; }

iOS8下

- (void)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker didSelectPerson:(ABRecordRef)person property:(ABPropertyID)property identifier:(ABMultiValueIdentifier)identifier { ABMultiValueRef phone = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty); long index = ABMultiValueGetIndexForIdentifier(phone,identifier); NSString *phoneNO = (__bridge NSString *)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phone, index); if ([phoneNO hasPrefix:@"+"]) { phoneNO = [phoneNO substringFromIndex:3]; } phoneNO = [phoneNO stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@"-" withString:@""]; NSLog(@"%@", phoneNO); if (phone && [ZXValidateHelper checkTel:phoneNO]) { phoneNum = phoneNO; [self.tableView reloadData]; [peoplePicker dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil]; return; } } - (void)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController*)peoplePicker didSelectPerson:(ABRecordRef)person { ABPersonViewController *personViewController = [[ABPersonViewController alloc] init]; personViewController.displayedPerson = person; [peoplePicker pushViewController:personViewController animated:YES]; }

iOS7下

- (BOOL)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker shouldContinueAfterSelectingPerson:(ABRecordRef)person { return YES; } - (BOOL)peoplePickerNavigationController:(ABPeoplePickerNavigationController *)peoplePicker shouldContinueAfterSelectingPerson:(ABRecordRef)person property:(ABPropertyID)property identifier:(ABMultiValueIdentifier)identifier { ABMultiValueRef phone = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty); long index = ABMultiValueGetIndexForIdentifier(phone,identifier); NSString *phoneNO = (__bridge NSString *)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phone, index); if ([phoneNO hasPrefix:@"+"]) { phoneNO = [phoneNO substringFromIndex:3]; } phoneNO = [phoneNO stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:@"-" withString:@""]; NSLog(@"%@", phoneNO); if (phone && [ZXValidateHelper checkTel:phoneNO]) { phoneNum = phoneNO; [self.tableView reloadData]; [peoplePicker dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil]; return NO; } return YES; }  

二:获取通讯录

这里需要读取通讯录数据。首先引入头文件#import <AddressBook/AddressBook.h>

其次根据权限生成通讯录

- (void)loadPerson { ABAddressBookRef addressBookRef = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, NULL); if (ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus() == kABAuthorizationStatusNotDetermined) { ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion(addressBookRef, ^(bool granted, CFErrorRef error){ CFErrorRef *error1 = NULL; ABAddressBookRef addressBook = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, error1); [self copyAddressBook:addressBook]; }); } else if (ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus() == kABAuthorizationStatusAuthorized){ CFErrorRef *error = NULL; ABAddressBookRef addressBook = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, error); [self copyAddressBook:addressBook]; } else { dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{ // 更新界面 [hud turnToError:@"没有获取通讯录权限"]; }); } }

然后循环获取每个联系人的信息,建议自己建个model存起来。

- (void)copyAddressBook:(ABAddressBookRef)addressBook

{

    CFIndex numberOfPeople = ABAddressBookGetPersonCount(addressBook);

    CFArrayRef people = ABAddressBookCopyArrayOfAllPeople(addressBook);

    

    for ( int i = 0; i < numberOfPeople; i++){

        ABRecordRef person = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(people, i);

        

        NSString *firstName = (__bridge NSString *)(ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonFirstNameProperty));

        NSString *lastName = (__bridge NSString *)(ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonLastNameProperty));

        

        //读取middlename

        NSString *middlename = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonMiddleNameProperty);

        //读取prefix前缀

        NSString *prefix = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPrefixProperty);

        //读取suffix后缀

        NSString *suffix = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonSuffixProperty);

        //读取nickname呢称

        NSString *nickname = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonNicknameProperty);

        //读取firstname拼音音标

        NSString *firstnamePhonetic = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonFirstNamePhoneticProperty);

        //读取lastname拼音音标

        NSString *lastnamePhonetic = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonLastNamePhoneticProperty);

        //读取middlename拼音音标

        NSString *middlenamePhonetic = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonMiddleNamePhoneticProperty);

        //读取organization公司

        NSString *organization = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonOrganizationProperty);

        //读取jobtitle工作

        NSString *jobtitle = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonJobTitleProperty);

        //读取department部门

        NSString *department = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonDepartmentProperty);

        //读取birthday生日

        NSDate *birthday = (__bridge NSDate*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonBirthdayProperty);

        //读取note备忘录

        NSString *note = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonNoteProperty);

        //第一次添加该条记录的时间

        NSString *firstknow = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonCreationDateProperty);

        NSLog(@"第一次添加该条记录的时间%@\n",firstknow);

        //最后一次修改該条记录的时间

        NSString *lastknow = (__bridge NSString*)ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonModificationDateProperty);

        NSLog(@"最后一次修改該条记录的时间%@\n",lastknow);

        // 名字

        NSLog(@"%@ %@", firstName, lastName);

        //获取email多值

        ABMultiValueRef email = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonEmailProperty);

        int emailcount = ABMultiValueGetCount(email);

        for (int x = 0; x < emailcount; x++)

        {

            //获取email Label

            NSString* emailLabel = (__bridge NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(email, x));

            //获取email

            NSString* emailContent = (__bridge NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(email, x);

        }

        //读取地址多值

        ABMultiValueRef address = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonAddressProperty);

        int count = ABMultiValueGetCount(address);

        

        for(int j = 0; j < count; j++)

        {

            //获取地址Label

            NSString* addressLabel = (__bridge NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(address, j);

            //获取該label下的地址6属性

            NSDictionary* personaddress =(__bridge NSDictionary*) ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(address, j);

            NSString* country = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressCountryKey];

            NSString* city = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressCityKey];

            NSString* state = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressStateKey];

            NSString* street = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressStreetKey];

            NSString* zip = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressZIPKey];

            NSString* coutntrycode = [personaddress valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonAddressCountryCodeKey];

        }

        

        //获取dates多值

        ABMultiValueRef dates = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonDateProperty);

        int datescount = ABMultiValueGetCount(dates);

        for (int y = 0; y < datescount; y++)

        {

            //获取dates Label

            NSString* datesLabel = (__bridge NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(dates, y));

            //获取dates

            NSString* datesContent = (__bridge NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(dates, y);

        }

        //获取kind

        CFNumberRef recordType = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonKindProperty);

        if (recordType == kABPersonKindOrganization) {

            // it's a company

            NSLog(@"it's a company\n");

        } else {

            // it's a person, resource, or room

            NSLog(@"it's a person, resource, or room\n");

        }

        

        

        //获取IM多值

        ABMultiValueRef instantMessage = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonInstantMessageProperty);

        for (int l = 1; l < ABMultiValueGetCount(instantMessage); l++)

        {

            //获取IM Label

            NSString* instantMessageLabel = (__bridge NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(instantMessage, l);

            //获取該label下的2属性

            NSDictionary* instantMessageContent =(__bridge NSDictionary*) ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(instantMessage, l);

            NSString* username = [instantMessageContent valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonInstantMessageUsernameKey];

            

            NSString* service = [instantMessageContent valueForKey:(NSString *)kABPersonInstantMessageServiceKey];

        }

        

        //读取电话多值

        ABMultiValueRef phone = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty);

        for (int k = 0; k<ABMultiValueGetCount(phone); k++)

        {

            //获取电话Label

            NSString * personPhoneLabel = (__bridge NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(phone, k));

            //获取該Label下的电话值

            NSString * personPhone = (__bridge NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phone, k);

            

            NSLog(@"--电话%@", personPhone);

        }

        

        //获取URL多值

        ABMultiValueRef url = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonURLProperty);

        for (int m = 0; m < ABMultiValueGetCount(url); m++)

        {

            //获取电话Label

            NSString * urlLabel = (__bridge NSString*)ABAddressBookCopyLocalizedLabel(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(url, m));

            //获取該Label下的电话值

            NSString * urlContent = (__bridge NSString*)ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(url,m);

            NSLog(@"url:%@", urlContent);

        }

        

        //读取照片

        NSData *image = (__bridge NSData*)ABPersonCopyImageData(person);

        

    }

}

iOS9

在iOS9中,apple终于解决了这个问题,全新的Contacts Framework将完全替代AddressBookFramework。

一、联系人对象CNContact

创建CNMutableContact对象:

CNMutableContact * contact = [[CNMutableContact alloc] init];

设置联系人头像:

contact.imageData = UIImagePNGRepresentation([UIImage imageNamed:@"Icon.png"]);

设置联系人姓名:

//设置名字 contact.givenName = @"stephen"; //设置姓氏 contact.familyName = @"zhuang";

设置联系人邮箱:

CNLabeledValue *homeEmail = [CNLabeledValue labeledValueWithLabel:CNLabelHome value:@"379128008@qq.com"]; CNLabeledValue *workEmail =[CNLabeledValue labeledValueWithLabel:CNLabelWork value:@"379128008@qq.com"]; contact.emailAddresses = @[homeEmail,workEmail];

这里需要注意,emailAddresses属性是一个数组,数组中是才CNLabeledValue对象,CNLabeledValue对象主要用于创建一些联系人属性的键值对应,通过这些对应,系统会帮我们进行数据的格式化,例如CNLabelHome,就会将号码格式成家庭邮箱的格式,相应的其他键如下:

//家庭 CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelHome NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0); //工作 CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelWork NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0); //其他 CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelOther NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0); // 邮箱地址 CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelEmailiCloud NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0); // url地址 CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelURLAddressHomePage NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0); // 日期 CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelDateAnniversary NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0);

设置联系人电话:

contact.phoneNumbers = @[[CNLabeledValue labeledValueWithLabel:CNLabelPhoneNumberiPhone value:[CNPhoneNumber phoneNumberWithStringValue:@"12344312321"]]];

联系人电话的配置方式和邮箱类似,键值如下:

CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelPhoneNumberiPhone NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0); CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelPhoneNumberMobile NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0); CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelPhoneNumberMain NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0); CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelPhoneNumberHomeFax NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0); CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelPhoneNumberWorkFax NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0); CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelPhoneNumberOtherFax NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0); CONTACTS_EXTERN NSString * const CNLabelPhoneNumberPager NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, 9_0);

设置联系人地址:

CNMutablePostalAddress * homeAdress = [[CNMutablePostalAddress alloc]init]; homeAdress.street = @""; homeAdress.city = @""; homeAdress.state = @""; homeAdress.postalCode = @""; contact.postalAddresses = @[[CNLabeledValue labeledValueWithLabel:CNLabelHome value:homeAdress]];

设置生日:

NSDateComponents * birthday = [[NSDateComponents alloc]init]; birthday.day=2; birthday.month=11; birthday.year=1989; contact.birthday=birthday;

二、联系人请求: CNSaveRequest

//初始化方法 CNSaveRequest * saveRequest = [[CNSaveRequest alloc]init]; //添加联系人 [saveRequest addContact:contact toContainerWithIdentifier:nil]; @interface CNSaveRequest : NSObject //添加一个联系人 - (void)addContact:(CNMutableContact *)contact toContainerWithIdentifier:(nullable NSString *)identifier; //更新一个联系人 - (void)updateContact:(CNMutableContact *)contact; //删除一个联系人 - (void)deleteContact:(CNMutableContact *)contact; //添加一组联系人 - (void)addGroup:(CNMutableGroup *)group toContainerWithIdentifier:(nullable NSString *)identifier; //更新一组联系人 - (void)updateGroup:(CNMutableGroup *)group; //删除一组联系人 - (void)deleteGroup:(CNMutableGroup *)group; //向组中添加子组 - (void)addSubgroup:(CNGroup *)subgroup toGroup:(CNGroup *)group NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, NA); //在组中删除子组 - (void)removeSubgroup:(CNGroup *)subgroup fromGroup:(CNGroup *)group NS_AVAILABLE(10_11, NA); //向组中添加成员 - (void)addMember:(CNContact *)contact toGroup:(CNGroup *)group; //向组中移除成员 - (void)removeMember:(CNContact *)contact fromGroup:(CNGroup *)group; @end

写入操作:

CNContactStore * store = [[CNContactStore alloc]init]; [store executeSaveRequest:saveRequest error:nil];

三、获取联系人信息

   // 1.获取授权状态         CNAuthorizationStatus status = [CNContactStore authorizationStatusForEntityType:CNEntityTypeContacts];         // 2.如果不是已经授权,则直接返回         if (status != CNAuthorizationStatusAuthorized) {             [self alertViewWithTitle:@"提示" andMessage:@"无通讯录权限,请到设置中修改" andCancleMessage:nil andSUreMessage:@"确定" sureBlock:^{                 return ;             } cancelBlock:^{                              }];         } // 创建通信录对象 CNContactStore *contactStore = [[CNContactStore alloc] init]; // 创建获取通信录的请求对象 // 拿到所有打算获取的属性对应的key NSArray *keys = @[CNContactGivenNameKey, CNContactFamilyNameKey, CNContactPhoneNumbersKey]; // 创建CNContactFetchRequest对象 CNContactFetchRequest *request = [[CNContactFetchRequest alloc] initWithKeysToFetch:keys]; // 遍历所有的联系人 [contactStore enumerateContactsWithFetchRequest:request error:nil usingBlock:^(CNContact * _Nonnull contact, BOOL * _Nonnull stop) { // 获取联系人的姓名 NSString *lastname = contact.familyName; NSString *firstname = contact.givenName; NSLog(@"%@ %@", lastname, firstname); // 获取联系人的电话号码 NSArray *phoneNums = contact.phoneNumbers; for (CNLabeledValue *labeledValue in phoneNums) { // 获取电话号码的KEY NSString *phoneLabel = labeledValue.label; // 获取电话号码 CNPhoneNumber *phoneNumer = labeledValue.value; NSString *phoneValue = phoneNumer.stringValue; NSLog(@"%@ %@", phoneLabel, phoneValue); ZXPersonTemp *person = [[ZXPersonTemp alloc] init]; person.name = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@%@",lastname,firstname]; person.phone = phoneValue; [_addressBookArray addObject:person]; } }];

四、选择联系人

- (void)insertNewObject:(id)sender { CNContactPickerViewController * con = [[CNContactPickerViewController alloc] init]; con.delegate = self; [self presentViewController:con animated:YES completion:nil]; } - (void)contactPicker:(CNContactPickerViewController *)picker didSelectContactProperty:(nonnull CNContactProperty *)contactProperty { CNContact *contact = contactProperty.contact; CNPhoneNumber *phoneNumer = contactProperty.value; NSString *phoneValue = phoneNumer.stringValue; NSString *lastname = contact.familyName; NSString *firstname = contact.givenName; ZXPersonTemp *person = [[ZXPersonTemp alloc] init]; person.name = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@%@",lastname,firstname]; person.phone = phoneValue; [_addressBookArray insertObject:person atIndex:0]; [self.tableView insertRowsAtIndexPaths:@[[NSIndexPath indexPathForRow:0 inSection:0]] withRowAnimation:UITableViewRowAnimationAutomatic]; [picker dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil]; }(原文中 iOS9以下 获取通讯录 类型强转时加 __bridge) 文/千煌89(简书作者) 原文链接:http://www.jianshu.com/p/6acad14cf3c9 著作权归作者所有,转载请联系作者获得授权,并标注“简书作者”。

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/LoveStoryJX/p/5695963.html

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